In recent months there has been much talk about the pollution of plastic in seas and oceans. However, microplastics, small microscopic fragments of plastics that are difficult to biodegrade, are becoming more news stories that affect not only the fauna and flora of marine environments, but can also be found in the trophic chain of marine animals, and therefore to the human intake, so, little by little, different countries decide to legislate and reach sectoral agreements, especially focusing on the sector that they use most, the products and services of hygiene and personal care.
Two large types of microplastics can be established: The one that comes from the disintegration of plastics that are converted over time (can take up to 500 years depending on the type of plastic) in small microscopic fragments. Which has already become microplastic in origin to create certain products such as cosmetics, toothpaste or personal care products. After washing your face or brushing your teeth, the small plastic microspheres go down the drain. And these microspheres can not be retained through the filtration systems of treatment and end up in our rivers, seas and oceans, where small fish and other animals can confuse them with food. In addition, microplastics affect different aspects of the environment. They can affect fish, birds and other wild animals that can ingest plastics, causing internal blockage, dehydration and death in these species.